Eucalyptus Deglupta is a tall tree, commonly known as the Rainbow Eucalyptus, Mindanao gum, or rainbow gum. The unique multi-hued bark is the most distinctive feature of the tree. Patches of outer bark are shed annually at different times, showing a bright green inner bark. This then darkens and matures to give blue, purple, orange and then maroon tones
The eucalyptus ranges from 30 to 200 feet tall. It is common for the tree to reach more than 300 feet in the wild, making the eucalyptus one of the tallest trees in the world. Depending on the species, it can grow 5 feet per year or more. The height of the eucalyptus makes it a good choice as a windbreak near a house.
The color of the eucalyptus flower varies from white, pink, red to yellow. It grows in delicate clusters that resemble small powder puffs. The flowers also produce nectar that is Australia's main source of honey. The seed pods are cone shaped with a bluish color when ripe, and they contain small, hard black seeds. Its bark is gray-blue and peels away in long stringy strips to expose the yellow flesh. With its aroma and colorful flowers, the eucalyptus is an excellent landscaping tree to attract birds and butterflies.
Leaves & Oil
The leaves of the eucalyptus produce a waxy oil that coats the foliage to prevent water loss in hot weather. The fragrant oil gives off the characteristic smell of eucalyptus, which attracts bees to the flowers. A multipurpose oil, eucalyptus is used in ore production, perfumes, lozenges and chest rubs. Slender and sickle-shaped, the leaves are a favorite food of koala bears and kangaroos. A eucalyptus is termite resistant and its strong scent repels wildlife such as deer.
The timber from a eucalyptus tree is called Tasmanian oak or White Mountain ash. The wood is hard, heavy and sturdy, often replacing oak in home construction and furniture making. Less expensive than oak, eucalyptus veneer is a common alternative in many decorative woodworking projects.